With the passage of time Irish Catholics eventually did become part of the fabric of Australian society. With the coming of each generation, they moved along and some of them, up the social scale. But their ascent was neither rapid nor easy.
They remembered the Black and Tans. Twenty years later, they refused to be conscripted into the British army a world away.
1917 was a bitter year – probably the most bitter in white Australia’s history – but also one of which Irish Australians can be proud.
How the ‘Warwick egg incident’ of 1917 exemplified an Australian nation divided.
In September 1916, a 27-year-old police officer George Duncan was shot dead in Tottenham, a small mining town in the copper belt of western New South Wales. The perpetrators were Roland Kennedy and Frank Franz, two members of the IWW.
The Honourable Hugh Mahon is one of the most interesting personalities in the national legislature. There has been more stirring incident in his career than in a dozen ordinary men’s lives.
Democratic Opposition to War:
The 1916-17 Anti-Conscription Campaigns: Impacts and Legacies
As the pool of Australian volunteers had begun to dry, Prime Minister Hughes, ever an avid defender and supporter of the British Empire and of Australia as a key dominion, sought to conscript additional Australian manpower.